Wednesday, May 30, 2012

Religion Provisions of the Constitution of Comoros

One of my current research projects involves analysis of the religion provisions of various constitutions enacted since the year 2000. From time to time on this blog, I'll post extracts of those provisions arranged according to categories such as "Religious Freedom" (guarantee of individual rights), "Established Religion" (joining religion and government), "Establishment Clause" (separating religion and government), "Ceremonial Deism" (symbolic references to religion that have little or no legal effect), "Equal Protection of Religion" (non-discrimination guarantees), "Preamble", "Religious Education", and "Religious Limitations".
The Constitution of Comoros, enacted in 2001, is rather short and does not contain a bill of rights.  There is a reference to Islam and non-discrimination in the Preamble, and a ceremonial deism in the text, but no substantive provisions relating to religion (though there is a statement that the Preamble should be "integrated as part of the Constitution.")

Source:  Comparative Constitutions Project


The Comorian people formally affirm their will to:

 - draw upon Islam as the continuing inspiration for the principles and rules which govern the union,

 . . .
the equality of all in rights and duties, without distinction of sex, origin, race, religion or belief,
 . . .

Ceremonial Deism

Article 13  Before assuming office the President of the Union and the Vice Presidents take the following oath before the Constitutional Court in Comorian: “I swear to Allah, the most merciful, to faithfully and honestly fulfill my duties, to act only in the general interest and in accordance with the Constitution”.

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