Tuesday, June 12, 2012

Religion Provisions of the Constitution of Côte d’Ivoire (2000)

One of my current research projects involves analysis of the religion provisions of various constitutions enacted since the year 2000. From time to time on this blog, I'll post extracts of those provisions arranged according to categories such as "Religious Freedom" (guarantee of individual rights), "Established Religion" (joining religion and government), "Establishment Clause" (separating religion and government), "Ceremonial Deism" (symbolic references to religion that have little or no legal effect), "Equal Protection of Religion" (non-discrimination guarantees), "Preamble", "Religious Education", and "Religious Limitations".
The Constitution of Côte d’Ivoire (the Ivory Coast) adheres to traditional liberal constitutionalism in the area of religion, with guarantees of religious freedom, equal protection of religion, and a secular state.

Source:  World Constitutions Illustrated (HeinOnline)

Freedom of Religion

Article 9
The freedom of thought and expression, notably the freedom of conscience, of
religious or philosophical opinion are guaranteed to all, under reserve of respect
of the law, the rights of others, of the national security and of the public order.

Equal Protection of Religion

Article 17
Any person has the right to freely chose his profession or his employment.
Access to public or private employment is equal for all. Any discrimination in
the access to or exercise of employment, based on sex, [or on] political, religious
or philosophical opinions, is prohibited.

Article 30:  The Republic assures to all equality before the law without distinction as
to origin, race, sex or religion.

Establishment Clause (“secular”)

Article 30  The Republic of Côte d’Ivoire is one and indivisible, secular, democratic and

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