Tuesday, July 10, 2012

Religion Provisions of the 2010 Constitution of Guinea

One of my current research projects involves analysis of the religion provisions of various constitutions enacted since the year 2000. From time to time on this blog, I'll post extracts of those provisions arranged according to categories such as "Religious Freedom" (guarantee of individual rights), "Established Religion" (joining religion and government), "Establishment Clause" (separating religion and government), "Ceremonial Deism" (symbolic references to religion that have little or no legal effect), "Equal Protection of Religion" (non-discrimination guarantees), "Preamble", "Religious Education", and "Religious Limitations."
Here are the religion provisions of the 2010 Constitution of Guinea.  The provisions fall squarely into the traditional mode of liberal constitutionalism, as they guarantee secularism, equal protection of religion, and religious freedom.

Source:  World Constitutions Illustrated (HeinOnline)

Establishment Clause

Article 1
Guinea is a unitary republic, indivisible, secular, democratic and social.

Equal Protection of Religion

Article 1  It assures the equality before the law of all the citizens without distinction of
origin, of race, of ethnicity, of gender [sexe], of religion and of opinion.

Article 8  No one may be privileged or disadvantaged by virtue of [en raison de] their sex,
of their birth, of their race, of their ethnicity, of their language, of their beliefs
and of their political, philosophical or religious opinions.

Freedom of Religion

Article 1  It respects all beliefs.

Article 7
Each one is free to believe, to think and to profess their religious faith, their
political and philosophical opinions

Article 14
The free exercise of worship [culte] is guaranteed, under reserve of the respect
for the law and the public order. The religious institutions and communities are
created and administered freely.

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